Charter & Code

In 2005, the European Commission (EC) adopted the European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers. The European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers are collectively and briefly referred to as the Charter & Code or C & C. 

The European Charter for Researchers is a set of general principles and requirements that define the roles, responsibilities and powers of researchers at all levels, as well as employers and funders. The purpose of these principles is, (i) to facilitate the career development and success of researchers in producing, transferring, sharing and disseminating knowledge and technological progress by defining their relationships with employers and funders; (ii) to enhance the professional development of researchers by valuing intersectoral, international and similar mobility; (iii) to ensure that researchers, employers and funders to act responsibly and professionally in their working environment; (iv) to recognize the multiple roles that researchers play in supervisory, guidance, management or administrative tasks, not just their contribution to R&D.

Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers consists of a set of general principles and requirements that employers and/or funders must comply with when appointing or recruiting researchers. These principles and requirements ensure that values such as transparency of the recruitment process and equal treatment of all applicants are respected and complement the European Charter for Researchers. Institutions and employers adhering to the Code of Conduct clearly demonstrate their commitment to act in a responsible and respectable manner and to provide fair framework conditions for researchers, with the intention of contributing to the advancement of the European Research Area.

Link to C&C Principles 

There are 40 C&C Principles categorized in 4 main groups: 

I. Ethical and professional aspects

  1. Research freedom
  2. Ethical principles
  3. Professional responsibility
  4. Professional attitude
  5. Contractual and legal obligations
  6. Accountability
  7. Good practice in research
  8. Dissemination, exploitation of results
  9. Public engagement
  10. Non discrimination
  11. Evaluation/appraisal systems

II. Recruitment

  1. Recruitment
  2. Recruitment (Code)
  3. Selection (Code)
  4. Transparency (Code)
  5. Judging merit (Code)
  6. Variations in the chronological order of CV’s (Code)
  7. Recognition of mobility experience (Code)
  8. Recognition of qualifications (Code)
  9. Seniority (Code)
  10. Postdoctoral appointments (Code)

III. Working conditions and social security

  1. Recognition of the profession
  2. Research environment
  3. Working conditions
  4. Stability and permanence of employment
  5. Funding and salaries
  6. Gender balance
  7. Career development
  8. Value of mobility
  9. Access to career advice
  10. Intellectual Property Rights
  11. Co-authorship
  12. Teaching
  13. Complaints/appeals

IV. Training

  1. Participation in decision-making bodies
  2. Relation with supervisors
  3. Supervision and managerial duties
  4. Continuing Professional Development
  5. Access to research training and continuous development
  6.  Supervision